Software And Types of Software:- Explained in Hindi in Brief

Software computer ka vah part hota hai jisako ham keval dekh sakate hain aur us par kaary kar sakate hain, software ka nirmaan computer par kaary karane ko simple banaane ke liye kiya jaata hai, aajakal kaam ke hisaab se software ka nirmaan kiya jaata hai, jaisa kaam vaisa software । software ko badee badee company mein yoojar kee jaroorat ko dh‍yaan mein rakhakar software Programs dvaara taiyaar karaatee hain, isamen se kuchh fraiai mein upalab‍dh hote hai tatha kuchh ke liye chaarj dena padataa hai. jaise aapako photo se sam‍bandhit kaary karana ho to usake liye photoshop ya koee veediyo dekhana ho to usake liye media p‍leyar ka yooj karate hai.

Computer bibhinn program ka samooh hota hain jisake dvaara vishisht kaaryon ko kiya ja sakata hain. Computer mein do bhaag hote hai, pahala hardware kahalaata hai jabaki doosara software. Hardware computer ke bhautik bhaag hote hai jinhen ham chhu sakate hai jo ek nishchit kaary karate hai, jisake lie unhen banaaya gaya hai jaise- keyboard, mouse, monitor, CPU, printer, projector etc. Isake vipareet software prograam ka samooh hai jo in hardware ke kaaryon ko nirdhaarit karata hai jaise- word processing, operating system, presentation etc. Aate hai, jo hardware ke saath interface karate hain. Yadi hardware kee tulana computer ke shareer se jaatee hai to software kee tulana computer ke dimaag se kee jaatee hai. Jjis prakaar dimaag ke bagair maanaveey shareer bekaar hain theek usee prakaar software ke bagair computer ka koee astitv nahin hai. udaaharanaarth ham keyboard, mouse, printer, Internet aadi ka prayog karate hai in sabako ko chalaane ke lie bhee software kee aavashyakata hotee hai.

“Software is a Group of Programmes”
Computer on hone ke baad software sabase pahale ram mein load hota hai tatha central processing unit mein aixaichutai (kriyaanvit) kiya jaata hai. yah machine language mein bana hota hai, jo ek alag prochaissor ke lie vishesh hota hai. Yah high level language tatha assembly language mein bhee likha jaata hai.

Needs of Software

Jaisa kee ham jaanate hai computer, hardware aur software ka samooh hai yadi isamen se software ko nikaal diya jaaye to computer ek dibbe ke samaan rah jaayega yah dibba us samay tak kaary nahin kar sakata jab tak ki isamen operating system software load na kiya jaaye. Isaka arth yah hai ki computer mein kuchh bhee kaary karane ke lie operating system software ka hona aavashyak hai. Hamen operating system software ke aalaava kuchh aur softwares kee bhee aavashyakata padataee hain. Udaaharan ke lie,kaee alag-alag software kee aavashyakata padegee jinhen anuprayog software (application software) kaha jaata hai .

Isake atirikt yadi aapaka computer vaayaras se sankramit ho jaaye to aapako Utility naamak software kee aavashyakata padegee. Sankshep mein yadi aapake paas computer system hai tatha aap nirvighn kaary karana chaahate hai, to aapako samay-samay par software kee aavashyakata padegee.

Software ki aavashyakata ke nimn kaaran ho sakate hain-

  • Computer chaaloo karane ke lie
  • Patr type karane ke lie
  • Chart ka nirmaan karane ke lie
  • Presentation banaane ke lie
  • Data ko manage karane ke lie
  • Internet ka prayog karane ke lie
  • Software ke prakaar (Types of software)
  • Computer software ko teen bhaago mein vibhaajit karata hai .
  • System software (system software), anuprayog
  • Software (application software) aur utility software.

System Software (System Software)

System software system software ek aisa software hai jo hardware (hardware) ko prabandh (manage) evan niyantran (control) karata hai taaki epleekeshan software (application software) apana kaary poora kar sake. Yah kamyootar system ka aavashyak bhaag hota hai operating system isaka spasht udaaharan hai.

System software ve hai jo system ko niyantrit aur vyavasthit rakhane ka kaary karate hai

Yadi system software ko non volatilai storage jaise intigreted sarkit (ich) mein store kiya jaata hai, to ise saamaanyat: pharmaveyar ka naam diya jaata hai sankshep mein system software program ka ek samooh hai. system software kaee prakaar ke hote hai jaise

  1. Operating System Software
  2. Compiler
  3. Interpreter
  4. Assembler
  5. Linker
  6. Loader
  7. Debugger, etc.

Operating System Software

Operating system ek system software hai, jise computer ko chaaloo karane ke baad load kiya jaata hai. Arthaat yah computer ko boot karane ke lie aavashyak prograam hai . Yah computer ko boot karane ke alaava doosare application software aur utility software ke lie aavashyak hota hai.

Function of Operating system

  1. Process Management
  2. Memory Management
  3. Disk and File System
  4. Networking
  5. Security Management
  6. Device Drivers
  7. Compiler

Compiler executable

Compiler executable file banane k liye Source Code ko Machine code mein translate karte hai. Ye code executable file k object code kehelate hai. Programmer ise executable object file ko kaise dusre computer par copy karne k paschat execute kar sakte hai. Dusre subdo mein Program ek bar Compile ho jane k bad sotantra rup se executable file ban jata hai jisko execute hone k liye compiler ki aawasakta hai hoti hai. Partek Programming language ko Compiler ki aawasakta hoti hai.

Compiler

Source code ko machine code mein badalane ka kaary karata hai isakee kaary karane kee gati (Speed) adhik hotee hai aur yah memory mein adhik sthaan gherata hai kyoki yah ek baar mein poore prograam ko raiad karata hai aur yadi koee error hotee hai to error message show karata hai.

Interpreter

Interpreter ek prograam hota hain jo high level language mein likhe program ko machine language mein badalane ka kaary karata hai interpreter ek–ek instruction ko baaree-baaree se machine language ko translate karata hai. Yah high level language ke program ke sabhee instruction ko ek saath machine language mein translate nahin karata hai.

Interpreter Memory

Mein kam sthaan gherata hai kyoki yah prograam kee har lain ko baaree-baaree se chhaichk karata hai aur yadi kisee linai mein koee error hotee hai to yah taatkaal error massagai show karata hai aur jab tak us galatee ko sudhaar nahin diya jaata tab tak yah aage badhane nahin deta .

Assembler

Assembler ek prograam hai jo assembly language ko machine language mein translatai karata hai. Isake alaava yah high level language ko machine language mein translate karata hai yah mnemonic code jaise- add, nov, sub aadi ko binary code mein badalata hai.

Application software

Application software, computer software ka ek upavarg hai jo usair dvaara ichchhit kaam ko karane ke lie prayog kiya jaata hain.

Application Software Computer k liye yupayogi hota hai yedi computer mein koi vi Application Software nahi hai toh hum computer par koi bhi karya nahi kar sakte hai.Application Software k bina computer matra ek dibba hai. Application Software k aantargat koi Program aata hai jo nimnalikhit hai.

  • MS word
  • MS Excel
  • MS PowerPoint
  • MS Access
  • MS Outlook
  • MS Paint etc.
  • Utility Software

Utility Software k Service Program ye ek prakar ka computer software hai ise bises rup mein computer hardware ,(Operating System), (Application Software) bebastit karne mein sahayeta karne mein sahayata hi design kiya gaya hai.

“Utility Software wo Software hota hai jo computer Repair kar Computer ki karyaxemata ko badatae hai tatha uise aur karyasil banene mein badata karte hai.

Bhivinna prakar k utility softwares/ Different types of Utility Software

  1. Disk Defragmenter
  2. System Profilers
  3. Virus Scanner
  4. Anti virus
  5. Disk Checker
  6. Disk Cleaner etc.

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